Estonian War Museum

Estonian War Museum’s 8th Annual Military History Conference "NATIONAL FORMATIONS IN THE GREAT WAR: FROM AN IMPERIAL MOBILIZATION POLICY TO ARMIES OF INDEPENDENT NATION STATES"

The Estonian War Museum’s annual conference for 2017, marking the 100th anniversary of the establishment of Estonian national units within the Russian imperial army, will aim at a comparative study of national formations in the Great War. It will analyse the political and military goals of the empires in recruiting and forming national units.

We are inviting papers and panel proposals on the following topics:
  • The utilization of martial traditions of minority ethnicities and hereditary groups in the armies of the European continental empires from the 19th century – from Cossacks to Polish Ulans and Hussars and from Bosniaks to Finnish rifle battalions and dragoon regiments.
  • Imperial diversity and the territorial build-up of troops – the armies of the Kingdoms of Prussia, Saxony, Bayern, Württemberg, and imperial Austrian and royal Hungarian troops and royal Czech Landwehr within Imperial armies, and Caucasian and Central Asian troops within the Russian imperial army.
  • The formation of new national units at the beginning of the First World War – Latvian riflemen, Finnish Jägers, the Polish Legion, etc. Political aims or military utility?
  • The build-up of national formations on the basis of prisoners of war – the Czechoslovak Legion, Slavic Legion, the West Russian Volunteer Army, etc.
  • The status of members of national formations, national versus imperial propaganda, language, uniforms, insignia, etc.
  • National formations within the command structure – relations of national units with higher commands within the imperial armed forces.
  • National formations and the processes of state-building. The role of national units in the development of nation states.
  • National formations and party politics. Relations between the national units and soldiers’ committees. Soldiers’ congresses.
  • National formations in war – weapons, equipment, operations, battles, casualties.
  • Principles of recruitment. The build-up of officer corps of national formations and recovering the casualties.
  • National formations in wars of independence – deployment without re-organization, or as the core of new units.
  • War weariness and veteran policies – the treatment of the veterans of the Great War in new nation states.
  • The use of the experience of national units in the Second World War – old wine in new bottles?
  • The preservation of the traditions of national formations in modern armies.
The due date for sending the abstracts of the papers is 31 January 2017.
For more detailed information please see Call for papers and panel proposals.

The conference is organized by the Estonian War Museum – General Laidoner Museum in co-operation with the Estonian National Military College.  The working languages of the conference will be English and Estonian. 

Contact:
Dr. Kaarel Piirimäe
Senior Research Fellow
Estonian War Museum - General Laidoner Museum
conference@esm.ee
Estonian War Museum - General Laidoner Museum  Mõisa tee 1, 74001 Viimsi, Harju County 
Phone: +372 621 7410, E-mail: info@esm.ee
Open We-Su 11-18,the exhibition of heavy artillery (300 m from the museum, Vehema tee 1, Viimsi) from May until October Fr-Su 11-18
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